At the online World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis, and Musculoskeletal Diseases in August researchers showed how dairy products are beneficial to the health and development of bones and muscles.
Professor Givens explained the matrix effect of food, wherein nutrients work together to create positive effects.
“These effects include growth and bone mineralisation in children and adolescents, attenuation of bone loss and sarcopenia (muscle loss) later in life, and reduction of fracture risk,” says Givens. “This cannot be explained by single nutrients in dairy such as calcium, protein, and vitamin D. It suggests a matrix effect is responsible.”
The congress proposed that the determination of dietary guidelines should be food based rather than nutrient based data.
Prof Ian Givens talks about dairy products and the food matrix effect in a video from May 2020: